Hiking in Oulanka National Park | Kuusamo, Finland

In recent years I have not done much hiking in Finland. Which is why we headed to Oulanka National Park, a beatiful national park up north of Finland for my first hike in years. The Large Bear’s Trail is famous around Finland and one of the “once-in-a-lifetime” hikes for many Finns. I have dreamt of hiking it for years. The Small Bear’s Trail is part of its larger brother and a good day hike for those who wish to see the beautiful scenery of Kuusamo’s famous Oulanka National Park. As I had not done much hiking we chose to only hike the smaller of the Bears Trails, the Small Bear’s Trail.

Hiking in Finland is easy as there is a lot of nature to choose from. Our location, Kuusamo is located in the north-eastern Finland, near the Russian border. Oulanka National Park is on the side of the city. We drove from the city of Oulu to Kuusamo, which is a 200 kilometre drive. Kuusamo can be accessed from other parts of Finland as well but one should plan the drive if coming from southern Finland as the drive may turn into a long one. Once you have reached Kuusamo and head to the national park should you stop at Riipisen cafe. The cafe has really good service, tasty donuts and roughly 1000 different northern items to buy as a souvenir for family and friends.

You can run into reindeer when hiking in northern Finland

Kuusamo is located on the northern side of the river Kiiminki (Kiiminkijoki) which is known as the border for reindeer herding lands in Finland. This means that you are driving in the region where reindeers roam freely. Reindeers in Finland are owned proverty of the herders but they are free animals that are only gathered few times a year by their owners. If you have rented a car and decide to drive to Kuusamo and Oulanka National Park please sleep your night well before the drive. Reindeers are like cows in the southern parts of the world. They walk aimlessly and care very little about the passing cars. Reindeers also camouflage to their surroundings well which makes them almost impossible to spot before they are only metres away from you. Reindeers are not incredibly fast in their movements, but can still appear in front of your car if you are not paying attention. During our drive there were multiple moments where we spot the reindeer only seconds before we already drove past it.

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
You can also encounter reindeers in the forest during your hike or by your car when you are driving out of the national park.

Good shoes help when hiking in Oulanka National Park

The Small Bear’s Trail can at times be a challenging hike. Even though it is over 50 kilometres shorter than its big brother it does still provide some difficult paths along the route. This is why it is important to have good shoes to walk with. You can easily survive with your trainers, but we had purchased 25 euro hiking boots from Lidl. The cheap price did not make the shoes bad to walk on and these hiking boots were an extremely pleasant surprise. In addition they were warm which is a good thing if we ever wish to hike in colder times of the year.

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
25 euro hiking boots from Lidl were a positive surprise. They were waterproof, which I also tested in few puddles along the path.

As you entre Oulanka National Park and the Small Bear’s Trail  you will find out it is a circle route so you can walk it to either direction. After the beginning’s straight path you encounter a crossroad in which you can decide if you walk the route “the right way” or reverse. At the crossroad you should evaluate your fitness and injuries. There is a 250 + 50 stair path at one point of the hike. You can choose whether you wish to climb the stairs or walk them down. I and my hiking pair both struggle with our knees which is why coming down that many stairs would have been painful which is why we chose to do the “reverse” route. At the crossroad, which is by a rapid, you choose to not go towards the cable bridge rather than the way which says “Karhunkierros(The Large Bear’s Trail)” rather than “Pieni karhunkierros (The Small Bear’s Trail)”. There are some steps in the beginning which will make you think you have gone the wrong way but keep walking, you will realise the 300 steps when they come.

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
There are multiple sets of stairs throughout the Small Bear’s Trail but these 300 were definitely the toughest.

Oulanka National Park has great views for photography

The Small Bear’s Trail moves along a river which provides some amazing opportunities for photography. There are multiple rapids, rocks, riverbends, and swamplakes that one can take a photo of.

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
Swamp lakes are beautiful in the late summer/autumn sunlight.

 

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
The river provides some beautiful opportunities for photography.

 

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
The route trails high above the river which is why some of the riverbends are especially stunning.

The swampy areas are often accompanied with mosquitos. A mosquito spray is an important companion during the hike.

Happy attitude is the key

Finnish people may be known for silence and avoiding communication with stranger but in the forest the stereotypes do not apply. A part of the hiking culture is to say hi to people you encounter. This might sound normal to some, but if you have ever walked in a Finnish city you know it is rare to have a stranger greet you. The Small Bear’s Trail and its big brother are popular hiking routes which means you may encounter a lot of hikers. Just smile and say “hei” or “moi” to them and keep going. A happy attitude might be needed if you end up behind a long line of people at a cable bridge. The trail is still long so if you are not hiking during peak times you will be fine.

Oulangan kansallispuisto, Pieni Karhunkierros | Oulanka National Park, Small Bear's Trail
There are multiple cable bridges on your trail. These are often the spots where you encounter other people. Smile and say hi and wait for your turn to cross.

 

 

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